Les Cigar Box Guitar dans les tranchées - Cigar Box Guitars in the trenches

Les Cigar Box Guitar que nous connaissons et liées à la musique blues ou folk sont indéniablement des réalisations américaines. Celles d'esclaves qui ont adaptés sur le sol américain des instruments qu'ils construisaient et pratiquaient en Afrique. Du Diddley Bow unicorde à la CBG de 2, 3, ou 4 cordes à l'imitation de produits plus luxueux qu'ils ne pouvaient se payer comme la contrebasse, le violon, la guitare à 6 cordes, on peut dire que tous les instruments sont passés par leurs mains expertes pour arriver dans les nôtres aujourd’hui.

Mais ce type d'instruments et leurs constructions n'est pas un phénomène isolé mais bien un processus global, tous les pays, toutes les civilisations ayant un jour ou l'autre fabriquées ce type d'instrument.

Plus prés de nous, ce sont les poilus de 14-18 qui ont durant le peu de temps libre que leur laissait la guerre, revenait à l’artisanat qu'ils pratiquaient dans le civil pour produire, des bijoux, des meubles, des sculptures, des briquets, etc, et des instruments de musique dont ils jouaient aussi.

C'est l'art et l'artisanat insolite des tranchées, ou pour échapper aux horreurs qui les entouraient ces hommes créaient des objets de toutes beauté avec les moyen du bord et en récupérant tout ce qui pouvait leur tomber sous la main. A noter que les soldats allemands en face en faisaient autant ainsi que tous les autres soldats des autres pays impliqués dans ce conflit.

Voici pour inspiration quelques instruments de poilus fait dans des casque, des gourdes voir des masques à gaz!...

English version

The Cigar Box Guitars we know and related to blues or folk music are undeniably American achievements. Those of  slaves who have adapted on American soil the musical instruments they used to built and practiced in Africa. From one string Diddley Bow2, 3, or 4 strings  CBG  to copy of the most luxurious products they could not afford as bass, violin, 6 strings, guitar,  we can say that all instruments have passed through their expert hands to be nours today.

But such instruments and their construction is not an isolated phenomenon but a global process, all countries, all cultures have at one time or another , made ​​this type of instrument. 

Closer to us, are  the "Poilus" of 1914-18 (*nickname of french sodiers during WWI we can traduce by "hairy") who during the little free time that they the war left them, returned to the craft they practiced in the civilian life to produce, jewelry, furniture, sculpture , lighters, etc. and musical instruments they played as well.

It is the unusual art and crafts of the trenches, to escape to the horrors that surrounded them,  these men have created beautiful objects with all the things and means they could . Please note that the German soldiers did the same thing and with them all other soldiers of countries involved in this conflict.

Here's for inspiration some  instruments made ​​from  helmets, gourds and even gas masks! ...

Et voici une photo des soldats (Allemands) avec leurs réalisations (et deux "cigar box")

English version

And here is a picture of soldiers (Germans) with their instruments (and two "cigar box")

Et  ici un Diddley Bow d'un soldat Canadien.

English version

And  here a Diddley Bow of a Canadian soldier.

On pourra aller jeter un œil sur les sites ci-dessous ou il y pas mal d'instruments référencés et de superbes photos:

  • l'artisanat de tranchées
  • les objets de tranchées plus général mais on y trouve des instruments de musique
  • le superbe  site de Claude Ribouillaud, sur les instruments de musique de facture amateur, et qui en retrace l'histoire. On lira en particulier la section: La lutherie sauvage : art des solutions et message latent trés intéressante sur les instruments des soldats de 14-18.
  • Soldier's orchestra montre des photos de ces orchestres avec des instruments improvisés.(ci-dessous)

English version

You can have a look at the sites below where there are a lot of beautiful instruments referenced with pictures:

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Comment by Bluesheart on January 18, 2013 at 4:53pm

very interesting, thank you for sharing that with us

très intéressant, Merci pour le partage que nous 

Comment by ChickenboneJohn on January 12, 2013 at 2:17am

This is very cool..it's wonderful to see that there's a European tradition of this sort of instrument.

Comment by Termoking on January 10, 2013 at 5:01pm

Merci pour les sites superbe! Great info *****

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